Le Groupe de Travail “Intégrations régionales” du LabEx DynamiTe organise une conférence sur le thème “Les villes saines : des concepts à l’aménagement urbain”. Elle se déroulera :
le vendredi 5 février 2016
à partir de 14h
Université Paris Diderot – Bâtiment Olympe-de-Gouges (salle 104)
8 place Paul-Ricoeur – 75013 Paris
À cette occasion, Eduarda MARQUES DA COSTA, Professeure invitée du LabEx DynamiTe, interviendra.
Résumé de son intervention :
According to WHO, “a healthy city is one that continually creates and improves its physical and social environments and expands the community resources that enable people to mutually support each other in performing all the functions of life and developing to their maximum potential”. Semenza (2005) claims that “a healthy city does not exist, it is built” (pp. 458) by improving economic, environmental, social and cultural conditions in cities. That makes clear that planning health cities is a process, framed by a WHO movement.
The healthy cities movement originated from a workshop entitled “Healthy Toronto 2000” held in Toronto, Canada, in 1984 following the major conference “Beyond Health Care”, an event for the assessment of public health strategy. The workshop aimed to reflect on the importance of transferring and applying public health strategies to the local level. That inspired the European representatives to develop a network of healthy cities. The healthy cities movement is currently in Phase VI (2014-2018), whose main goal is the implementation of the “Health 2020” European programme by applying the concepts of “City health profile” and “City health development plan”. This seeks to develop health for all and to reduce inequalities.In this process, it is essential to enhance health diagnosis and improve equity access to health services. Nevertheless, preventing road accidents, creating new public spaces with equal access for all inhabitants to practise sport, developing sustainable mobility solutions by using public transport, walking or cycling, recovering neighbour principles, promoting nutrition education in schools and other measures, all require new policy-making methods and new partnership governance strategies. In the last decade, the development of a new governance model associated with health has been widely discussed by the EC, the Committee for Cities and Regions, and the European representatives of the WHO. In this context, there have been a number of commitment and guidance documents reflect multisectorality and multilevel principles like Zagreb Declaration for Healthy Cities (2008), “Health 2020 – A European policy framework and strategy for the 21st century” (WHO, 2013), and Helsinki Statement on Health in All Policies (WHO, 2013). All these aspects will be discussed in the proposed conference.
Semenza, Jan C. (2005), Building Healthy Cities. A Focus on Intervention, , Handbook of Urban Health Populations, Methods, and Practice , ed. Sandro Galea and David Vlahov, Springer, Nova Iorque 458-477.