“Circulation of models and heterogeneity of developments”


Philippe CADÈNECESSMA : Centre d’Etudes en Sciences Sociales sur les Mondes Africains, Américains et Asiatiques (UMR 245)
Elisabeth PEYROUXProdig : Pôle de Recherche pour l’Organisation et la Diffusion de l’Information Géographique (UMR 8586)


The relationship between economic systems and development is the subject of much debate. The liberal economic model is underpinned by freedom of enterprise, freedom of trade and the protection of property rights. Its present-day developments, particularly in the hotly-debated form of neoliberalism, give rise to a number of questions, particularly regarding the convergence and standardisation of development processes within the context of increasingly globalised economies. The question of moving beyond these models has also been raised in debates on “post-neoliberalism” or “post-development”.

This Work-Package (WP) sets out to analyse the dissemination of these models, their forms and modifications, and the invention or re-creation of alternative models. The hypothesis here is that processes are at work to reformulate, challenge and move beyond them. They are either endogenous or caused by certain Norths moving towards certain Souths, or certain Souths moving towards other Souths or towards the North. Studying the heterogeneities of development and relating them to the different paradigms applied, based on the study of actual spaces and territories, will provide original food for thought. The WP will pool work by economists, geographers, legal experts, anthropologists and sociologists.


Development, economic models, urban models, circulation of models, policy transfer, transnational value chains, city strategies, North/South exchanges.

Research fields:

Hong Kong, Shanghai, Phnom Penh, Mumbai, Cape Town, Johannesburg, Nouakchott, Vancouver, Mexico, Dakar, Paris.

The following regions are included: southern Cameroon, southern Morocco, the Paris basin, the Ruhr, northern Bulgaria, southern Kazakhstan, northwest India, Peninsular Malaysia and the Indonesian island of Java.


  • PEYROUX E., NINOT O., 2019, De la “smart city” au numérique généralisé : la géographie urbaine au défi du tournant numérique, L’Information Géographique, 83(2), pp. 40-57.
  • NINOT, O., PEYROUX E., 2018, Révolution numérique et développement en Afrique : une trajectoire singulière, Questions Internationales, n°90, mars-avril 2018.
  • PEYROUX E., SANJUAN T., 2016, “Stratégies de villes et “modèles” urbains : approche économique et géopolitique des relations entre villes”, EchoGéo [En ligne], 36 | 2016, mis en ligne le 30 juin 2016. URL : http://echogeo.revues.org/14642 ; DOI : 10.4000/echogeo.14642
  • “Territoires de l’urbain en Asie : une nouvelle modernité ?” – sous la direction de Manuelle FRANCK et Thierry SANJUAN – Ed. CNRS, octobre 2015 : http://www.cnrseditions.fr/societe/7177-territoires-de-l-urbain-en-asie.html